CPR Facts & Figures 2022
We found this useful information from a social media post from a colleague of mine, David Cartlidge of MIE Training in Stoke on Trent (https://www.mietraining.com/). See a collection of facts and figures that you may find useful, along with links to the source material.
In the UK there are over 30,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) a year where emergency medical services attempt to resuscitate the victim.
The survival rate is low – just 1 in 10 people in the UK survive an OHCA.
In England in 2019, ambulance services responded to over 80,000 cardiac arrest calls, of which 31,146 subsequently received treatment.
30.7% of patients in whom resuscitation was attempted by ambulance staff were admitted to hospital with a return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC).
Overall survival to discharge was 9.6%.
Effective CPR more than doubles the chance of someone surviving a cardiac arrest.
When bystander CPR is performed and a defibrillator is used prior to the ambulance service arriving, cardiac arrests survival rates have been reported over 50%
Public Access Defibrillators
Survival rates for out of hospital Cardiac Arrests can be over 5 times higher (10.8% to 57.1%) when a Public Access Defibrillator is used. (Jan.2020) https://www.londonambulance.nhs.uk/2020/01/29/we-release-new-stats-on-cardiac-arrests-showing-survival-rates-outside-of-hospital-reach-all-time-high/
There is a good interactive map showing the varying survival rates for out of hospital cardiac arrests for different parts of the UK at; https://www.suddencardiacarrestuk.org/information/cardiac-arrest/statistics/
72% of cardiac arrests occur in the home. 15% at work.
98% of cardiac arrests occur in adults.
9% survive to hospital discharge.
Average ambulance response time for cardiac arrests is 6.9 minutes (Published May 2021).
22-25% have an initial shockable rhythm.https://www.resus.org.uk/library/2021-resuscitation-guidelines/epidemiology-cardiac-arrest-guidelines
The Circuit is a national defibrillator network, encouraging organisations to register their defibs and add them to the network of Public Access Defibrillators (PAD).
The website (www.defibfinder.uk) includes a quick access map showing the nearest registered AED’s to your location. There is also the www.goodsamapp.org.
Heart Attack and Cardiac Arrest by Gender
Women are less likely to receive bystander CPR than men (68% and 73%).
Women are also less likely to survive from admission to discharge (37% and 55%). https://www.bhf.org.uk/what-we-do/news-from-the-bhf/news-archive/2019/may/women-less-likely-to-receive-bystander-cpr-than-men-research-shows
Men are more likely to have a heart attack than women (124,000 and 70,000 per year)(2018). https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-42590013
Women often delay seeking medical help for a heart attack.
Women are 50% more likely to receive an initial misdiagnosis.
Risk factors for heart disease are often more deadly for women. https://www.bhf.org.uk/what-we-do/news-from-the-bhf/news-archive/2019/september/heart-attack-gender-gap-is-costing-womens-lives
The most common sign or symptom of a heart attack, for men and women, is chest pain (93%), followed by pain down the arm (48% men, 49% women).
Pain in the jaw and back, as well as nausea are more common in women (33%, 19% for men).
Heartburn and back pain is more common in men (41%, 21% for women). https://www.bhf.org.uk/what-we-do/news-from-the-bhf/news-archive/2019/august/no-difference-in-key-heart-attack-symptoms-between-men-and-women
Denmark case study – Survival rates trebled!
In 2005 Denmark started teaching CPR in schools and made it a compulsory requirement for driving licenses. Their bystander CPR rates doubled and cardiac arrest survival rates trebled.
Thanks to Dave Cartlidge for compiling all of this. The more we can spread the word, the more lives we can save.
The Action Point Training Team!