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CPR Facts & Figures 2022

Hi all,


We found this useful information from a social media post from a colleague of mine, David Cartlidge of MIE Training in Stoke on Trent (https://www.mietraining.com/). See a collection of facts and figures that you may find useful, along with links to the source material.



  • In the UK there are over 30,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) a year where emergency medical services attempt to resuscitate the victim.

  • The survival rate is low – just 1 in 10 people in the UK survive an OHCA.

  • In England in 2019, ambulance services responded to over 80,000 cardiac arrest calls, of which 31,146 subsequently received treatment.

  • 30.7% of patients in whom resuscitation was attempted by ambulance staff were admitted to hospital with a return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC).

  • Overall survival to discharge was 9.6%.

  • Effective CPR more than doubles the chance of someone surviving a cardiac arrest.

  • When bystander CPR is performed and a defibrillator is used prior to the ambulance service arriving, cardiac arrests survival rates have been reported over 50%

https://www.bhf.org.uk/what-we-do/policy-and-public-affairs/transforming-healthcare/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests

https://www.resus.org.uk/home/faqs/faqs-basic-life-support-cpr

https://www.bcis.org.uk/about-us/bcis-focus-groups/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest/


Public Access Defibrillators

  • Survival rates for out of hospital Cardiac Arrests can be over 5 times higher (10.8% to 57.1%) when a Public Access Defibrillator is used. (Jan.2020) https://www.londonambulance.nhs.uk/2020/01/29/we-release-new-stats-on-cardiac-arrests-showing-survival-rates-outside-of-hospital-reach-all-time-high/

  • There is a good interactive map showing the varying survival rates for out of hospital cardiac arrests for different parts of the UK at; https://www.suddencardiacarrestuk.org/information/cardiac-arrest/statistics/


Cardiac Arrests

  • 72% of cardiac arrests occur in the home. 15% at work.

  • 98% of cardiac arrests occur in adults.

  • 9% survive to hospital discharge.

  • Average ambulance response time for cardiac arrests is 6.9 minutes (Published May 2021).

  • 22-25% have an initial shockable rhythm.https://www.resus.org.uk/library/2021-resuscitation-guidelines/epidemiology-cardiac-arrest-guidelines

  • The Circuit is a national defibrillator network, encouraging organisations to register their defibs and add them to the network of Public Access Defibrillators (PAD).

  • The website (www.defibfinder.uk) includes a quick access map showing the nearest registered AED’s to your location. There is also the www.goodsamapp.org.

https://www.bhf.org.uk/how-you-can-help/how-to-save-a-life/defibrillators/national-defibrillator-network-the-circuit


Heart Attack and Cardiac Arrest by Gender

  • Women are less likely to receive bystander CPR than men (68% and 73%).

  • Women are also less likely to survive from admission to discharge (37% and 55%). https://www.bhf.org.uk/what-we-do/news-from-the-bhf/news-archive/2019/may/women-less-likely-to-receive-bystander-cpr-than-men-research-shows

  • Men are more likely to have a heart attack than women (124,000 and 70,000 per year)(2018). https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-42590013

  • Women often delay seeking medical help for a heart attack.

  • Women are 50% more likely to receive an initial misdiagnosis.

  • Risk factors for heart disease are often more deadly for women. https://www.bhf.org.uk/what-we-do/news-from-the-bhf/news-archive/2019/september/heart-attack-gender-gap-is-costing-womens-lives

  • The most common sign or symptom of a heart attack, for men and women, is chest pain (93%), followed by pain down the arm (48% men, 49% women).

  • Pain in the jaw and back, as well as nausea are more common in women (33%, 19% for men).

  • Heartburn and back pain is more common in men (41%, 21% for women). https://www.bhf.org.uk/what-we-do/news-from-the-bhf/news-archive/2019/august/no-difference-in-key-heart-attack-symptoms-between-men-and-women

Denmark case study – Survival rates trebled!

  • In 2005 Denmark started teaching CPR in schools and made it a compulsory requirement for driving licenses. Their bystander CPR rates doubled and cardiac arrest survival rates trebled.

https://emseurope.org/cpr-education-in-denmark-has-tripled-the-cardiac-arrest-survival-rate/


Thanks to Dave Cartlidge for compiling all of this. The more we can spread the word, the more lives we can save.


The Action Point Training Team!

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